The Ethical Philosophy of Al-Ghazzali


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By: Prof. M. Umaruddin

SKU: 978-967-0729-38-1
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This book is a thesis on ethical philosophy of Imam Al-Ghazzali based on his book Ihya’ Ulumuddin. The framework is easy to be understood and it was organised systematically. It elaborates the universal and humanitarian outlook of philosophy of Al-Ghazzali as well.

You have given a clear and well arranged analysis which shall be useful as an introduction to the subject I have read it with pleasure and interest.
(Prof. R.A. Nicholson. Cambridge University, England)

It is a very interesting account of Al-Ghazzali’s Ethical teaching. Your thesis is inspiring.
(Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Lahore)

I have read your book with the greatest interest and I regard it as a serious contribution to the study of one of the greatest Muslim philosophers. I can find no criticism to make. Your subject is very convincingly and lucidly set forth.
Dr. De Lacy O’Leary, Bristol University, England
I am so glad you are making contributions to Muslim literature.
(Abdullah Yousuf Ali, Lahore)

In my opinion this is a penetrating and comprehensive work. The structure is all embracing. This can be seen by the way single points have been worked out. But the first impression is very good. The richness of problems and ideas which is brought out by Al-Ghazzālī should clearly be displayed and this is more or less achieved in the present work.
(Prof. M Horten, University of Breslau, Germany)

Pray and accept my sincere thanks for your book on the ‘Psychological Basis of the Imam Al-Ghazzālī’s Religious Philosophy’ which I have read with the greatest interest and delight. You have succeeded in giving a lucid exposition.
(Prof. Dr.F. Krenkow, Cambridge University, England)

I have read your book with the greatest interest. You have stated the views of the Imam in a very successful manner, putting them in modern scientific language easily intelligible to the student of Psychology.
(Prof. Mohammad Shafi, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)


Professor Mohammad Umaruddin was born in 1902 in a family of Mohammad Pathans having both a pastoral and martial background. His great intellectual ability was recognized early but old established family traditions compelled him to join the Army. While in the Army, his Commanding Officer, a Scottish Colonel, recognizing his immense intellectual gift, advised and persuaded him to resign from the Army, and pursue his intended studies in Philosophy and Psychology. He took this advise and, resigning from the Army, joined the Aligarh Muslim University, as a student, in 1924. After obtaining his Masters Degree in Philosophy, in 1928, he was appointed a Fellow of the Muslim University and eventually became the Chairman of the Department of Philosophy & Psychology and full Professor of the University in 1948. This chair he held, with great academic distinction and administrative honour, till his death in 1964. According to his wishes he was buried in the University Graveyard where he lies amongst those he loved and nourished all his life.

Professor Mohammad Umaruddin was one of those rare persons who have that inexplicable and mysterious power of personality and expression which makes them into charismatic and influential teachers. Consequently his influence on his students and the thinking of his times was far reaching and profound. During his lifetime he was regarded as an eminent authority on Muslim Philosophy with particular reference to the teachings of Imam Abu Hamid Mohammad Al-Ghazzāli, Ibn Taimiyya and Syed Ahmed Khan.


Abu Hamid Muhammad, famous in the world of learning as al-Ghazzālī was born in 450 AH (1058 A.D.) in Persia. He graduated from the Nizamia Madressa at Nishapur, with distinction, a very famous educational institution in Nishapur. Later he was appointed as a teacher at the Nizamia College in Baghdad, where he proved very successful in imparting knowledge to the scholars under his care. This valuable gift of sustaining interest of his pupils and passing on his knowledge to them made him so famous that students from all parts of the country flocked to study under him.

Imam al-Ghazzālī was fondly referred to as the Hujjat-ul-lslam, ‘Proof of Islam’, He is honoured as a scholar and a saint by learned men all over the world.

Al-Ghazzālī is generally acclaimed as the most influential thinker of the Classical period of Islam, in his autobiography The Deliverance from Error, the Imam describes his education and his intellectual crisis, which left him so paralysed by doubt that he gave up his academic pursuits and worldly interests and became a wandering ascetic. This was a process (period) of mystical transformation. Later, he resumed his teaching duties, but again left these. An era of solitary life, devoted to contemplation and writing then ensued, which led to the authorship of a number of everlasting books.

Additional information

Weight 0.9 kg
Dimensions 15 × 2 × 22.5 cm


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